Puebla de Zaragoza, officially called Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza or simply Puebla is a Mexican metropolis, head of the municipality of Puebla. The city is also known as Puebla de Los Ángeles (since legend states the city was traced by angels), which is why it is also known as Angelopolis.
Puebla is the capital and most populated city of the state of Puebla as well as the Puebla-Tlaxcala Metropolitan Area and the 5th most populated in the country behind Mexico City, Tijuana, Ecatepec, and León.
It is located in the central highlands of Mexico in the central-western part of the state, in the geographical area known as the Puebla Valley.
Founded on April 16, 1531, as Puebla de Los Ángeles and built according to the plans of Bishop Julián Garcés, it is strategically located between Mexico City and the port of Veracruz.
The city is home to some of the most important examples of civil and colonial architecture, spanning periods from the Renaissance to the Neoclassical Baroque, and its historic center is home to a lot of Spanish, French and Baroque colonial architecture, which is why it is considered a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.
Some of the old buildings were seriously damaged after the earthquakes of June 15, 1999, and September 19, 2017, such as the Church of San Agustín and the Municipal Palace in 1999, and the Casa de Alfeñique in 2017.
Puebla has been the place of important events in the history of Mexico. Such events as the battle of May 5, where the Mexican army defeated the French army, or like the combat of November 18, 1910, where federal troops and the Serdán brothers (sympathizers of Francisco I. Madero) conspired against the government of Porfirio Díaz.
Religious festivals are also part of the culture due to the influence that the Catholic religion has had throughout the history of the city.
Among the main festivals are Candelaria, Holy Week, Corpus Christi, Santa Cruz, the day of the Virgin of Guadalupe, Christmas, the day of the Virgen del Carmen, the day of San José, the day of the Lord of Wonders, the day of Santiago Apóstol, the day of the Immaculate Conception, the day of San Francisco, the day of Blessed Sebastián de Aparicio, etc.
Among Puebla’s main products are textiles, ceramics (Talavera), glassware, tiles, handicrafts, and processed foods.
In addition, Puebla is an excellent gastronomic city due to the great offer of typical foods such as “chile en nogada”, “chalupas”, “cemitas”, and “mole poblano”.
The typical traditional clothing of the city is the well-known China Poblana clothes.
The agglomeration made up of the Puebla City and municipality according to the last census in 2010, place Puebla as the 4th largest city in Mexico, after Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey.
Puebla is part of the Puebla-Tlaxcala metropolitan area, the 4th largest in Mexico with 38 municipalities in the states of Puebla and Tlaxcala, which in 2010 had a population of 2,668,437 inhabitants, on the other hand, it is number 19 in North America.
If only the population of the municipality is taken into account, Puebla is the 4th most populated municipality in the country, after León (Guanajuato), Iztapalapa (Mexico City), and Tijuana (Baja California).